• Book Name: Konstantinidis Apostolos Earthquake Resistant Buildings from Reinforced Concrete Volume A
  • Pages: 293
  • Size: 19 MB

Earthquake Resistant Buildings from Reinforced Concrete PDF

earthquake resistant buildings from reinforced concrete pdf

Contents of Earthquake Resistant Buildings from Reinforced Concrete PDF

1 The structural frame

1.1. Introduction 1.2. Structural frame elements 1.2.1. Columns1.2.2. Beams1.2.3. Slabs 1.2.4. Staircases 1.2.5. Foundation 1.3. Structural frame loading1.3.1. Gravity loads 1.3.2. Seismic loads 1.3.3. Wind loading 1.4. Behavior of the structural frame 1.4.1. The behavior and reinforcement of a slab 1.4.2. Behavior and reinforcement of beams and columns

2 The way the elements of the structural system are being constructed

2.1 The materials 2.2 The moulds 2.3 Thermal insulation of structural elements 2.4 Concrete 2.4.1 General information 2.4.2 Ordering concrete 2.4.3 Concrete arriving on site

2.4.4 Concrete pumping 2.4.5 Concrete casting 2.4.6 Compacting concrete 2.4.7 Concrete curing 2.4.8 Removing the formwork 2.4.9 Self-compacting (self consolidating) concrete 2.5 The steel 2.6 Reinforcement specifications of antiseismic design 2.6.1 Reinforcement covering

2.6.2 Minimum spacing between reinforcement bars 2.6.3 Rebar bending 2.6.4 Antiseismic stirrups 2.7 Industrial stirrups – stirrup cages 2.8 Standardized cross-sections of reinforced concrete elements

3 Reinforcement in structural elements

3.1 Columns3.1.1 Lap-splices in columns 3.1.2 Anchoring the reinforcement of the upper floor level 3.1.3 Reduction of the column’s section size along its length 3.1.4 Reinforcement in typical columns 3.2 Shear walls 3.2.1 General 3.2.2 Shear wall’s behavior 3.2.3 Shear wall’s reinforcement 3.2.4 Anchoring the horizontal rebars of the shear wall’s body 3.2.5 Lap-splices of vertical bars 3.2.6 Anchorage of vertical rebars  3.2.7 Starter bars in shear walls 3.3 Composite elements 3.4 Beams 3.4.1 General 3.4.2 Continuous beam 3.4.3 Reinforcement placement 3.4.4 Short beam 3.4.5 Beam under torsion 3.4.6 The feasibility of concrete casting in beams 3.5 Slabs 3.5.1 One-way slab (simply supported slab 3.5.2 Two-way slab 3.5.3 One-way slab connected to a cantilever 3.5.4 Continuous slab connected to a cantilever3.5.5 Ribbed slabs 3.5.6 Sandwich slabs 3.5.7 Rules for the detailing of slab rebars 3.6 Staircases 3.6.1 Simply supported staircase  3.6.2 Simply supported staircase continued by slabs 3.6.3 Starter bars in staircases 3.6.4 Staircase with landings 3.6.5 Winder staircase 3.7 Foundation 3.7.1 Spread footings 3.7.2 Frame foundation 3.7.3 Strip foundation 3.7.4 Raft foundation 3.7.5 Foundation cases

4 Quantities surveying-Cost estimation

4.1 Estimation of the concrete’s quantity 4.2 Estimation of the formworks’ quantity 4.3 Estimation of the spacers’ quantity 4.4 Estimation of the reinforcements’ quantity 4.5 Total estimation of the materials’ quantitiey 4.6 Optimization of the reinforcement schedule

4.7 Estimation of the structural frame’s cost 4.8 Electronic exchange of designs – bids – orders

5 Detailing drawings for the structural frame’s construction 

5.1 General 5.2 The drawings’ title block 5.3 Carpenter’s drawings 5.3.1 EXCAVATIONS and FOUNDATION FLOOR 5.3.2 FORMWORK OF THE FOUNDATION and the basement floor 5.3.3 FORMWORK of the BASEMENT’S ceiling 5.3.4 FORMWORK of the GROUND FLOOR’S ceiling 5.3.5 FORMWORK of the MEZZANINE’S ceiling 5.3.6 FORMWORK of the MEZZANINE’S ceiling with thermal insulation 5.4 Steel fixer’s drawings

Preface of Earthquake Resistant Buildings from Reinforced Concrete PDF

The civilization progress of a time-period and a country was always historically presented by the level of its constructions. This happens because the culture, the architecture, the mechanics and the technology either as a condition or as the result of people’s cultural level are reflected upon the various constructions.

 In every region, the architectural forms were influenced by the environmental conditions present, sun or clouds, hot or cold, mountain or sea, rock or mud. At the same time, the intensity of the earthquakes played a catalytic role in the various civilizations which usually became extinct after a severe seismic event. People, due to the awe and their sense of weakness, always had and still have the tendency to forget such tragic events.

Nowadays, the dissemination of science and the advancements in the material science and technology as well as in the computing and software technology, enable us to face earthquakes with prudence but without fear. We have to modify our architecture in order to enhance the earthquake resistant capacity of the constructions the same way we have modified it in favour of the energy saving.

The new architectural form will predominate after it has proven that not only can it be materialized but also that it can sustain severe earthquakes. The antiseismic science and technology has made great steps during the last three decades. This has led to design and constructional rules which have been established as regulations, like the recent Eurocode 8.

The engineers, mainly because of their scientific background, have accepted these design rules and they apply them with no hesitation. On the other hand, the new constructional rules as well as the new practices have not yet been adopted by the rest of the construction’s materialization bodies. This book refers to the constructional issue of the reinforced concrete, earthquake resistant buildings. The way of antiseismic construction, the materialization details, the required quantities of materials and labors are presented in the detailing of the structural frame.

The detailing regards everyone involved in a building’s erection, the architect, the civil engineer, the supervisor engineer, the contractor, the foreman and the technician. In order to compose or to comprehend the detailing, the technician must have a thorough knowledge of the construction. The only way to learn such a complex subject as the reinforced concrete and such a critical subject like the antiseismic construction, first and foremost, one must learn to love them. In this book, the combination of knowledge and love is referred to as ‘art’.

This ‘art’ of the earthquake resistant construction is our intention to disseminate. The realization of this book was possible thanks to the detailed knowledge and devotion of two good friends and colleagues, the civil engineer Giannis Lirakis and the Architect Engineer Costas Anastasiadis.

The latter, with the use of various software programs, modeled and designed in numerous ways the examples included in this book. I would like to thank all my collaborators engineers, technologists, contractors and technicians for their valuable help in the various issues and whom with particular gratitude I cite in the page of bibliography.

Earthquake resistant buildings from reinforced concrete pdf.


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