- Book Name: Principles of Applied Civil Engineering Design
- Pages: 364
- Size: 12 MB
Principles of Applied Civil Engineering Design Pdf
The design principles and methodology to produce civil design documents have been used for many decades by the civil engineering profession and have not changed since the first edition of this book was published in 2004. For example, the use of twodimensional principal views, such as plans, sections, and details, in construction drawings remains the graphical medium through which the engineer communicates with the contractor, even though the methods and tools to produce the drawings have rapidly changed in the past 15 to 20 years. Written technical specifications for material and equipment requirements, installation procedures, and testing requirements still work closely hand in hand with the drawings, even though the presentation formats and technical resources have undergone many changes and updates. Nevertheless, a second edition of this book is needed for the following reasons:
• Technology, such as high-speed computers, data storage and transmittal on the Internet, new software, global positioning system (GPS), and geographic information system (GIS), has improved the data acquisition and the tools for civil design, so there is a need to update the methods and tools that are used to produce civil design documents.
• The first edition has no exercise problems, which are traditionally used in many college texts of other subjects. Because one of the main target readers is civil engineering students, the addition of some exercise problems in certain chapters will be useful as a teaching tool.
• The first edition of this book contains numerous references to documents published by various organizations such as the Engineers Joint Contract Documents Committee (EJCDC), the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI), and RS Means cost data. Some of these documents are now outdated.
• More examples and illustrations are needed to explain certain key design issues, such as constructability, loss prevention, design quality control, and changed conditions.
• The author has been teaching the subject matter for continuing education in a civil design training course. Based on the feedback to the author, some topics (e.g., permits, borrow investigation, design submittals, contractor selection process, bidding strategy, alternative pricing methods, and factors affecting pricing estimate) require more in-depth treatment.
Principles of Applied Civil Engineering Design Pdf
In this new edition, the same four parts are used for Introduction, Construction Drawings, Technical Specifications, and Cost Estimating, and the book is based on the same 25 chapters. Chapter 2 undergoes the most changes and reorganization to include engineering design documents, the design submittal process, and various procurement methods to select a construction contractor besides competitive bidding. In the first edition, an appendix was used to illustrate how to present reference data in the technical specifications based on the 1995 CSI MasterFormat. That appendix is no longer necessary because CSI assigned specific sections in Division 00 to present available information under both 2004 and 2014 MasterFormat. The List of Resources provided at the back of the first edition is not included in the new edition because the Internet now provides the readers a much more rapid and updated source of information for professional organizations, government agencies, product manufacturers, and other references cited in the book. The most notable change is the addition of exercise problems to Chapters 3, 7, 8, 9, 15, 16, 18, 19, and 22.
The exercise problems not only provide hands-on experience to practice the design principles being discussed in the text, but they also allow the opportunity for further teaching. For example, among the exercise problems on establishing catch points and catch lines for excavations and earthfill in Chapter 9 are problems involving sloping excavations and sloping fills; the solutions to those problems include step-by-step illustrations of how to establish the catch points and catch lines of these more complicated geometries. Chapter 3 contains numerous exercise problems on how knowledge in engineering geology is used to characterize project sites, on construction methods, and on borrow investigation; the solutions to these problems all contain new information that is not in the main text.
The author encourages the readers to review the solutions to all of the exercise problems for more learning experience, even for those who are not actually attempting to solve those problems. When the first edition was written, the applicable CSI format was the 1995 MasterFormat, which was the basis for Chapters 18 and 20, as well as for illustrating the construction pricing method using the RS Means Cost Data. The 1995 MasterFormat has since been replaced by 2004 MasterFormat and 2014 MasterFormat. Under the current format, the 16 divisions are expanded to 48 divisions to allow the building industry to adopt new products and new construction methods and processes. For heavy civil construction, the most significant effect of the format change is the shifting of much of the work in the old Division 2 (Site Construction) to Division 31 (Earthwork Methods), Division 32 (Bases, Ballasts, and Paving), and Division 33 (Utilities). Even though much of the design and construction profession has adopted the new format, some owners and engineers still maintain and use the old format.
The new edition uses the new format as the basis for assigning the divisions and sections in preparing technical specifications and pricing estimate, but at the same time the author does not discourage the discontinuation of the usage of the old format.
Principles of applied civil engineering design pdf.